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Volume :39 Issue : 155 2021      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Migrants’ (Muhajireen) Houses in Medina after the Period of the Prophet’s Migration: A Study on Muslims’ First Housing Crisis (in Arabic).

Auther : Khaled Albker

The housing problem of the first immigrants (Muhajireen) to Medina was the first of its kind in the history of Islam. This problem was threefold. First, absorbing these immigrants and arranging housing for them upon their arrival in the city was a challenge. Second, bringing relatives together in one dwelling where possible was also complicated. Third, it was difficult to differentiate between housing unmarried immigrants and housing immigrant families.
The research aims to monitor this socio-economic problem in the early history of Islam. It also aims to explore its manifestations, follow up on the stages of its development, and examine the methods of dealing with it.
The study is divided into six sections: the housing units of the city, the components of the house, the housing of individuals, the period of stay in Quba, the monitoring of new waves of individual immigrants, and the housing of families. The researcher relied on the historical methodology based on extracting scientific materials from relevant sources, criticizing them, analyzing them, and comparing the materials found with one another.
The study concludes with the following results: the first stage of housing immigrants was in Quba, where the immigrants were distributed in specific houses from the houses of Bani Amr bin Auf. It was found that housing procedures separated bachelors from immigrant families and gathered relatives in one dwelling. The second stage of housing immigrants started after most immigrants moved from Quba to Medina. The distribution of immigrants to the homes of the Anssar by "polling" was an additional measure taken to house them. "Brotherhood" between the immigrants and the supporters was one of the important methods in the process of housing immigrants. The housing of the subsequent waves of immigrants in “As-Safah” was one of the last solutions for the housing issue, after which the immigrants moved to expand upon themselves.
The study recommends further research be made on the socio-economic problems that occurred in the era of the prophet. It also recommends making use of the values of altruism, tolerance, and cooperation in solving such problems.
Keywords: House - Housing – Migration (Hejrah) - Al Muhajiroun - Anssar - Medina - Makkah - Quba.

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