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Volume :39 Issue : 155 2021      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Oppositional Dualities in Omar Abu al-Hija’s Poetry Collection Wayajrahuni al-Nayi (in Arabic).

Auther : Linda Obeid, Mustafa Alhaiadreh

This study aims to analyze the oppositional dualities in Omar Abu al-Hija’s collection of poems (diwan) entitled Wayajrahuni al-Nayi. This diwan was selected as it is rich with oppositional dualities that refer to multiple aspects which reflect the poet’s visions and perceptions. They reflect the poet’s perceptions of pain and ugliness and record his countless disappointments and defeats, aiming to change them. Abu al-Hija is able to create harmony between these oppositions in his creative work through which he expresses his opinions and visions as well as his internal psychological tendencies in response to the events that surround him. In other words, he uses writing as a means of transforming and recording ugliness and beauty.
 The study begins with a preface that examines the way the concept of oppositional dualities was explained by old Arab critics as well as modernists. Afterwards, the study analyzes Abu al-Hija’s diwan. In the rest of the paper, each oppositional duality is analyzed under separate subheadings. The study follows an analytical textual approach to reach its results.
The paper concludes with the following findings: on the one hand, the old Arab critics referred to the concept of oppositions through verbal text in a formal way. They called the concept either taboo, counterpart, or equivalence. Only Abd al-Qaher al-Jurjani spoke about the importance of oppositions in shaping the artistic image. On the other hand, modern critics leaned towards the data of Western thought; each critic dealt with oppositional dualities by relying on the methodology that critic would use to approach texts. Such methodologies include structuralism, deconstruction, and psychological approaches. These critics would use oppositional dualities in creating content.
Moreover, the oppositional dualities in Abu al-Hija's diwan are divided into two parts; the direct verbal opposition that one utters and the opposition in its broad sense that considers the implicit connotations which the poems denote and which reflect the surge of emotions the poet senses. The dominant voice in these poems alternates between language and external life. This oscillation occurs due to the poet’s creation of oppositional dualities such as joy and sadness, hope and despair, impulse and desistance, presence and absence, homeland and exile, fertility and sterility, and ebb and flow.
Keywords: Modern poetry - oppositional dualities - textual analysis - Omar Abu al-Hija - Wayajrahuni al-Nayi.

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