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Volume :38 Issue : 152 2020      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Misinformation Exercised by the Political Factions on Yemeni Social Network Users During the Different Phases of the Yemeni Crisis and the Extent to Which They Are Aware of Its Methods and Effects (in Arabic).

Auther : Esmail Al-Absi

The study aims to identify the extent of awareness of Yemeni social network users of the methods and effects of misinformation exercised by the political factions during the phases of the Yemeni crisis.
A descriptive survey was used and applied on a sample of 168 Yemeni users of social networks (Facebook and Twitter). A scale was designed out of 52 paragraphs, covering 4 areas of study and, after the confirmation of the validity and reliability of the scale, it was applied on the sample. The research arrived at a number of findings. The social communication network, Whatsapp, received the priority of users’ interests. The sample’s respondents recognize that Facebook is the main social network site used by the political Yemeni factions to disseminate misinformation during the Yemeni crisis.
The results showed a predominance of an average awareness among the users of the methods of misinformation. However, their increased awareness is confined to three misinformation methods, the main one of which is “the reliance on rumors and dissemination of false news” by 84.6 %, then their awareness of “the styles of collective propaganda against the opponent” and “attack of the publications against their political faction” by 84.6 %.
The results also revealed a high rate of the users’ awareness for most of the effects of misinformation, most notably: “The revelation of parties’ defects and ineffectiveness” with a high rate, amounting to 97.0 %, followed by the raised awareness of “the surge and the complication of the crisis” by 88.3 %, and their awareness of its impact on “growing social and political uncertainty” by 87.6%, on “the collapse of the elements of national security” by 86.6 %, and on “the clear nature of opportunistic writers and intellectuals” by 85.0%.
The results showed a lack of statistical differences in users' perception of misinformation methods and effects in regard to their age, gender, study-level, and profession.
 

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Dec 08, 2019

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