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Volume :36 Issue : 144 2018      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Examples of Semiotics in al-Farraa’s Texts (in Arabic).

Auther : Talal Aljassar

Abu Zakaria al-Farraa’ is considered to be one of the well-known Arab grammarians next to Sibawayh and Al-Kisa’i. His notable book, Maa’ni al-Qur’an [The Meanings of the Qur’an], interprets the Qur’an by using language and grammar. However, in some biographies, Al-Farraa’ was described as only having philosophized in his writings. The researcher examines the truth of this statement about al-Farraa’ and if there are any reasons behind it. This paper attempts to present one such reason by performing a new analysis and reading of al-Farraa’s texts. This method clarifies his tendency to rely on meaning and text when explaining his goal. This can also be detected whenever he intricately uses precise terms that failed to appear in the history of Arabic grammar. That is so because the traditional way of grammar analysis was not able to reveal the source of these precisions. Thus, the researcher relied on the semiotic methodology and discourse analysis in light of the pragmatic theory that interprets two of al-Farraa’s syntactic categories and they are the terms, “ghair masmood lahw”, as well as the pair, “mo’agat wa ghair mo’agat”. Accordingly, the researcher tries to clarify al-Farraa’s philosophy in terms of his reliance on the text to explain his take on these two terms. For example, why does the word, “al-athy [which]” belong to the category of “al-mo’agat” in one of al-Farraa’s contexts and to “al-ghair mo’agat” in another? The result of this research shows al-Farraa’s use of the two previous terms to elucidate a complicated linguistics phenomenon. This, in turn, helps in comprehending why other grammarians described him as a “philosophizer”, for they believed that he used different terms as a way to oppose others, but that is, in fact, not the case. Keywords: Semiotics / al-Farraa’ / Arabic Syntax / Discourse Analysis / Pragmatic

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