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Volume :36 Issue : 143 2018      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

L2 learners' orientation toward preference organization.

Auther : Saad Al-Gahtani

Recently, research in Interlanguage Pragmatics has employed conversation analysis as a tool to investigate speech acts. However, ‘preference organization’ has received little attention. This study examines L2 English learners' orientation toward preference organization and the influence of language proficiency on the same when producing requests. The data was collected from 40 participants divided equally into four groups: beginner, intermediate, advanced, and English native speakers (NS), using role-play scenarios in which participants played the roles of informants and conductors. The results show that pre-expansions, preliminaries to preliminaries (pre-pres), and other interactional devices were employed prior to the production of requests, an indication they carry social risk and are dispreferred. However, orientation to preference organization varied across groups - the more proficient the L2 learner, the more likely they were to reduce the effect of the dispreferred action. In addition, learners' requests shifted from direct to conventionally indirect as proficiency increased. Likewise, the use of accounts after requests increased with higher proficiency. It was therefore concluded that the more proficient the L2 learner, the more likely they are to orient to preference organization.
Key words: Interlanguage pragmatics, conversation analysis, preference organization, requests, L2 learners.

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Dec 08, 2019

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