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Volume :36 Issue : 141 2018      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Mubarak al-Sabah and the Ottoman State: A Subordinate or an Insurgent? (1896-1915) (in Arabic)

Auther : Faihan al-Otaiby

This study tackles the Kuwaiti-O'ttoman relations since the establishment of the political status of Kuwait, and the effects of these relations on the Arab Gulf region, especially in the light of the severe international conflict between Great Britain and France on the one hand and Germany and Russia on the other. This study tries to trace back the relations between the two sides which were characterized by amity, respect and taking part in military campaigns, but at times, the Ottomans attempted to impose their supremacy and increase their influence on the Sheikhs of Kuwait.
The study sheds a light on the endeavors of Kuwait's rulers to preserve its independence from the Ottoman State, which aimed at imposing its supremacy over the Sheikhs of Kuwait, an aim embraced by the Wally of Baghdad, Nameq Basha, and later on his successor, Midhat Basha.
The study tries to discuss the nature of the relations between the Ottoman State and the seventh ruler of the Kuwaiti sheikhdom, Mubarak Al-Sabah, who attempted to reinforce his rule and placate the Ottomans so as to acquire the position of a surrogate which used to be granted to his ancestors of Al-Sabah dynasty. The study also reviews the mutual messages and telegraphs between the two sides, which meant justifying taking over the sheikhdom by Mubarak Al-Sabah, along with accusing other parties for the murder of his two brothers.
The study reviews the talks between the Ottoman Porte and the rulers of Baghdad and Basra about Kuwait, especially in the light of the Ottoman fears from Britain's attempts to correlate with the Sheikh of Kuwait and to impose its supremacy over the region.
The study also debates the controversial relation between the Ottoman State and Sheikh Mubarak, whether he was a subordinate or an insurgent, in the light of the give and take between the two sides, as well as the international conflict to get a footing in Kuwait due to its strategic position, Britain being at the forefront, as it tried to have a good relation with Sheikh Mubarak.
The study concludes that Sheikh Mubarak wasn't a subordinate to the Ottoman State, as he opposed their several endeavors to take over Kuwait. However, he tried to strengthen the relations with the Ottomans, especially at the beginning of his reign, perceiving that the Ottoman gains would strengthen his position outside Kuwait and secure his rule from the surrounding powers, who continued to conspire to dethrone him.
 

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