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Volume :34 Issue : 136 2016      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Adverbial Clause in Dalael Al-Ejaz (in Arabic).

Auther : Mahmoud Anees

This study is concerned with Al-Jerjani's presentation of the adverbial clause in his book, Dalael Al-Ejaz. He starts presenting the rules which he has drawn from his syntactic repertoire. These rules state that if the adverb is a nominal clause it comes adjunct to 'waw', provided the subject is a disjoined pronoun and the predicate is not a phrase preceding the subject. If the subject is a disjoined pronoun the adverb should be connected with 'waw'. If the predicate is a phrase preceding the subject the adverbial clause often comes without 'wa'. If the adverb is a verb clause it should not be connected with 'waw' in case the verb is affirmative present. However, it can be connected with 'waw' if the verb is a negative present or an affirmative and negative past.
Al-Jerjani later states the rule he has arrived at. The rule says that the adverbial clause, being independent of 'waw', should be a constituent linked to the previous sentence, as if the two sentences are one. The rule also says that the adverbial clause, connected with 'waw', should be separated from the previous sentence. Besides, the nominal clause, being an adverbial, should be connected with 'waw'. Whatever is contrary to what has been stated needs an interpretation. Al-Jerjani then presents the ways he has followed in balancing the extracted rule and the rules mentioned previously.
Having discussed Al-Jerjani's vision, the study presents an idea about the adverbial clause and its rules, stemming from the nature of language. Such a vision sides with the meaning which the speaker wishes to express and does not submit to any of the restrictions imposed by the syntactic process. The vision indicates the places where the verbal and nominal clauses should be connected with 'waw', the places where they should not be connected with 'waw', and the places where connection is both possible or not. Such a vision is the cornerstone on which a new syntactic structure is to be built. Being as such, this vision elevates the meaning and proper eloquent use of language, in which case syntax will be more vitalised and it would get rid of petrification and passivity.

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