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Volume :26 Issue : 103 2008      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

British Attitudes Towards The Threats to Kuwait From Qasem's Iraq in 1961: Documents in British Archive (in Arabic)

Auther : Sattam Al-Otaiby

Just after the announcement of British-Kuwaiti agreement of June 1961, an Iraqi-Kuwaiti crises developed involving a number of regional and international actors one of home was Britain who became the main player in the development of the crises. Based mainly on the most recent de-classified archival materials from the British National Archives, Kew, London, this paper is a study of the British position towards the threats to the security of Kuwait by the Iraqi president Abdul Kaeem Qassim who claimed that Kuwait had been an inspirable part of Iraq.

This paper argues that the main concern of the British policy-makers were, first, Britains own strategic position and prestige in the area which had been badly damaged after the Suez fiasco in 1956, and, secondly, the financial importance of Kuwait for the British economy.

The British position was expressed by diplomatic and military means. Diplomatically, Britain intensified its communication with the United States and other regional players to gain support of the independence of Kuwait. It also tried to use the UN Security Council to denounce the Iraqi claim. Militarily, Britain sent its army to Kuwait to prevent what they thought an imminent Iraqi attack. After nearly five months the crisis ended by replacing the British soldiers with Arab soldiers formed by the Arab League.

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Dec 08, 2019

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