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Volume :17 Issue : 66 1999      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Quranic Shura - The Text And the Reality: A New Understanding (in Arabic)

Auther : Ahmed M. Al-Baghdadi

The object of this paper is to try to find a new understanding of the concept of the Shura in the Quran by examining reality (historical background). Although the concept of Shura has been discussed in many references, one can say that most of these discussions tried to glorify Islamic history by describing the Shura as the basis of Islamic government throughout history.

In this paper we will try to prove that the concept of Shura is merely a simple idea connected directly with its historical background as mentioned in the Quranic verses, and it does not need to be glorified. It is no longer acceptable to compare it with modern democracy.

The concept of Shura should be limited to its time and circumstances during the time of the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him). It is not sacred, and consequently has no relation with faith. As a historical practice, the Muslim scholars (Fuqaha) failed in systematizing the concept for many reasons, such as their disagreement on whether it is obligatory, and who the people of the Shura are, how they could be elected or appointed, what the limit of the Shura is, whether the result of the Shura is obligatory to the Imam or not, and many other questions related to the subject.

The paper concluded that the Shura should be limited to its time. It is not politically suitable for modern times, because it is not intellectually clear from a methodological point of view, and that fact prevents us from establishing it (Shura) as an institution within the political system.

 

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