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Volume :14 Issue : 56 1996      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Thought of Sayed Qutb: A Critique

Auther : Ahmad Al-Baghdadi

The main objective of this study is to prove two fundamental points : the first one is that Sayed Qutb (1906 - 1966), the Islamic thinker, bears the intellectual responsibility as regards the emergence of the extremist religious groups in Egypt, on the ground that these groups are influenced by the legitimate vindication and religious interpretations set forth by Sayed Qutb in his famous book Maa/im Fi A/-Tariq (Land marks on the Road). It is well known that Qutb cited in this book, according to his conception of Islamic Law, the methods that should be followed to set up the Islamic society and hence the state, on the debris of contemporary political systems or the state of Paganism, by what he called The faithful clique, or the organized Islamic movement. It was thus believed that this book represents the source which supplied the extremist religious groups with the legitimacy of the principle of Jihad (Holy War) against Pagan society which does not rule by what the Almighty Allah set down, in Hukm - U - Allah, which implies infidelity of both society and state, and hence the duty to abolish them.

The second point is that Sayed Qutb has failed in supplying Islamic political thought and hence the Muslims, with a real content of thought which would improve their intellectual status as represented by Islamic society and the Islamic state.

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