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Volume :14 Issue : 53 1995      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Errors And Art Faults In Map Symbols Design of Arab Gulf States (in Arabic)

Auther : Sobhi Al-Sa'eed, Mohsin Mansouri

Map reading, analysis, and interpretation depend mainly on under-standing the meaning of map symbols, i.e., how shape, texture, and structure of symbols design relates and corresponds to the nature of the actual feature they represent on earth surface.

The graphic symbol is an image chosen by the cartographer to rep-resent a certain phenomenon; it is, therefore, the fundamental element of the cartographic language and design, the symbols on a map must be constructed to reflect clearly the precise geographical meaning of the feature they represent.

It appears from empirical study that there are a lot of poor symbols design which reflect a faulty meaning about the nature of the features they represent; for example the symbol of cemetery in some topographic maps is perceived and interpreted as a marsh land, wadi as a river, political boundary as an administrative boundary, or as a gas pipe line, and so on.

This poor symbols design is not characteristic of A.G.S. topographic maps, but it is common in all maps of everynation. The reason for poor symbols design or (confusing maps) rests mainly on the designer who constructed map symbols for users and failed to convey and transmit the precise geographical meaning to the receiver.

This study is an attempt to overcome the shortcoming of some conventional map symbol design in the topographic maps of AGS. To reach this goal, ten items of symbols design have been examined in sixteen topographic maps of different scales, most of which for Saudi Arabia, and some for Arab Gulf States.

This study is particularly important because it focuses attention on symbols used on topographic maps which may still be neglected in cartographic studies.

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