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Volume :13 Issue : 51 1995      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Cyprus Between Islamic Dominance and The Byzantine Empire (in Arabic)

Auther : Abdel Rahman Al-Abdel Ghani

In this research we are mainly concerned with the strategic position of Cyprus and its bearings on the Mediterranean Route throughout the Middle Ages.

This vital importance motivated the conflict between the Islamic world and the Byzantine Empire. It should be pointed out that during the period under investigation (from the seventh to the tenth centuries A.D.), neither of the two conflicting sides came out with a decisive upper hand.

During that period of conflict, two treaties were concluded between the two parties; one in 29 A.H./648 A.D. between Muawiya Ibn Sufyan and the Byzantines, and another between Abdul-Malik lbn Marwan and Justinian II in 689 A.D. In both treaties, Cyprus was to enjoy a particular status in its relations with the two big powers, and this status remained valid until the recapture of the Island by Nicephorus Phocas in 355 A.H. 1965 A.D. In between, the two sides had equal rights on the Island, and that status created a state of equilibrium in the East Mediterranean.

It was maintained in both treaties that Cyprus should be demilitarised, and that taxes were to be revenned equally by the two big powers. Thus, Cyprus was destined to remain as a safe haven for both the Muslims and the Byzantines in times of peace and in times of war.

 

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