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Volume :9 Issue : 36 1989      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Political and Economic Situation During the Reign of Al-Muayyad Sheikh of the Mamelukes Sultanate (815 - 823 A.H., 1412 - 1420 A.D.) (in Arabic)

Auther : Hayat N. AI-Hajji

This paper aims at unfolding some important pages of the history of Al-Borgi Mamelukes Sultanate, through dealing with two main problems that arose during the short period of the reign of Al-Muayyad Sheikh.

The first problem deals with the political and internal issues and the ways of controlling the conflicts, starting from the time Al-Muayyad Sheikh Seized the power, usurping it from Caliph Al-Mustain Bi-Allah; and the reaction of those in charge of AI-Sham representations, headed by Prince Norouz, Deputy of AI-Sham. This goes on till we reach the time when Al-Muayyad Sheikh could overcome all his adversaries and succeed in taking control of the whole situation there. It took him around nine-months stay in Al-Sham countries in order to ensure security in all the regions, and to guarantee obedience to authority among all the Deputies.

The second problem deals with the economic situation in the Sultanate during that period, particularly the phenomenon of the increase of prices that the country witnessed at that time. This phenomenon was related to the atmosphere of political restlessness that prevailed during the period of AI-Muayyad Sheikhs reign. Thus the prices of crops were doubled, and bread became difficult to obtain from the markets: so much so that soldiers were installed at public bakeries to prevent the masses from stealing and looting. The reasons for such price increases were diverse, but most important of which was that the traders placed their personal materialistic interests high above public interests, by storing up large amounts of crops, hoping to achieve a sharp increase in their prices in order to gain enormous financial profits. The high officials of the state and their subordinates contributed, as well, to the crisis, when they aimed at gaining much profit and interest by storing up crops and then raising their prices; which also led to the aggravation of the crisis of price increases.

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