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Volume :9 Issue : 34 1989      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Mind - Body Relationship as Related to Theories of Physical Education: The Islamic View in Comparison with the Christian View

Auther : Atef Odibat

Views of the nature of man generally and the nature of the mind - body relationship particularly have been central to theories of physical education. The relative importance of the body in relation to the mind has determined the value of physical education compared to intellectual education. This paper compares the general Christian view with the Islamic view concerning their conceptions of man and his mind - body association to determine the ways through which such views affected theories of physical education. The comparison shows that the Christian view conceives the mind and the body of man as separate and distinct entities. Emanating from this dualistic conceptions, the human body is either disparaged and ridiculed,and therefore physical education is non —existent, or, at the best, is made subservient to the mind in a master- servant relationship and consequently physical education has lower status and prestige than intellectual education in any hierarchy of education values. In contrast to such view, the Islamic view considers man as absolutely unitary and entire human where the whole body is united with the whole mind. As result, the body, according to Islam, is as important as the mind in the building of human personality. Consequently, in the Islamic view, physical education is harmoniously joined with intellectual education in the fullest development of mans self—actualization. The Uniqueness of the Islamic view of the wholeness of man is found to have important implications to theories of physical education.

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