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Volume :4 Issue : 15 1984      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Sophists' View of Man (in Arabic)

Auther : Hamed Khalil

Plato accused the sophists that they are an unruly group seeking material gains and the destruction of man by destroying his ideals, both in knowledge, ethics and social relations. Most historians of philosophy followed in the footsteps of plato, which resulted in an attitude of enmity and disdain vis-à-vis the sophists throughout the ages. In correction of this distorted trend, this essay attempts to prove that the sophist school is the first philosophical movement in history which renders to man the respect due to him, puts him in his rightful place and uncovers his creative powers which alone make up his humanity.

  1. Creative man: contrar to prevailing concept among the Greeks which claims that whatever exists of moral ideals, knowledge, social and political values are preformed and pre-conceived. The role of man consists only in imitating. The sophists proved that man is the creator of those ideals possessing as he has creative powers. Thus they would be the first to liberate man from unknown forces the belief in which retarded the growth of man and his development.
  2. Man and Society: in studying the relation of man to society the sophists concentrated their efforts on building up man and on preparing him soundly so as to enable him to be the creator of his present in harmony with his humanity and to go forward afterwards to build his future so as to be in harmony with his ambitions. In harmony with this noble ideal, the Sophists laid down the foundations guaranteeing the making up of man as a social being, Political thinker and the carrier of values that enable him to carry the responsibility of building up a real human society.
  3. Man The Measure: as the problem of man the measure proclaimed by Protogoras, is the basic problem of Plato on which he built his harsh criticism of the Sophist, the author attempted to prove that man qua man and not as isolated man is the measure according to the Sophists. Accordingly Plato’s claim becomes false. To render to the Sophists their due respect becomes a necessary and required effort.

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