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Volume :10 Issue : 38 1990      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Influence of Sedentarization on Urbanization in Saudi Arabia (in Arabic)

Auther : Khalid Ben Mohammad AI-Anqari

The percentage of urban population in Saudi Arabia has risen during the period 1950 - 1985 from 10% to about 72%. During the same period, the percentage of bedouins has fallen from 60% to about 3% of the total population. This change in the ecological structure of the Saudi society was influenced by the sedentarization policies applied in the Kingdom since 1912. This paper discusses theprocesseswhich caused this fast transformation and the main resulting patterns.

It was concluded that there were three major sedentarization processes which affected the urban system: (1) old directed sedentarization or the old hijar program founded by King Abdulaziz, (2) modern directed programs, such as Wadi Al-Sahba (Harad project) and Wadi Al-Sarhan project, (3) the spontaneous hijar program, and (4) the spontaneous integration through comprehensive national and regional planning.

Three distinctive patterns in the urban system resulted from these processes: (1) hijar gained municipal status, thus, they are considered urban centers, (2) cities which were affected by surrounding bedouin settlements, and (3) the bedouin neighbourhoods (Hilal) within urban areas.

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