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Volume :9 Issue : 33 1989      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Demonstrator (Al-Arid) in Arabic (in Arabic)

Auther : Abdul Fattah AI-Hammouz

The basic (Al-Arid) and the demonstrator (AI-Arid) are terms that have been used in Arabic syntax and Arabic language books. Many of the Arabic words have two forms, the basic form and the demonstrator. The demonstrator contradicts the basic and changes its form. Many of the new grammarians forget this problem, but traditional grammarians mention it in many different positions.

This paper attempts to deal with this problem and discusses the following:

- The definition of the demonstrator in language and in terminology.

- The opinions of syntacticians, linguists, and readers, concerning the demonstrator regardless of its importance and usage.

- The syntatic and linguistic facts that linguists use in proving the relationship between the basic and the demonstrator.

Since linguists have not dealt with the demonstrator, we may say that they were dealing with the standard abstract historical bases. They have not dealt with the real shape of words and what happened to the development of the inflectional markers and the syllables of the word. They forget that dealing with the word itself is more accurate than dealing with abstractions. The proofs that they have not dealt with the demonstrator are the problems that will be discussed in this paper such as simulation, Immala construction, shifting the phonological marker, substitution and other phonological changes. Finally I show that the demonstrator and the basic are creations of syntacticlans, but speakers of Arabic never consider this at all.

 

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