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Volume :5 Issue : 17 1985      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Mamluks of Egypt and their Political Relations with the Safavids and Ottomans at the beginning of the 16th Century (in Arabic)

Auther : Tarik N. Al-Hamadani

The muslim world witnessed many major powers at the beginning of the 16th century, namely the Safavids, the Ottomanas, and the Mamluks of Egypt. While the first two powers were emerging and expanding rapidly, the last one was declining.
Since the arrival of the Portuguese to the Arabian Seas, and their threat to the main resources of the Mamluk Kingdom, the Mamluks had to face all these powers alone, and they preferred to follow an amicable policy with them. This can be said about the Mamluks relations with the Safavids State, but while the Mamluks were following this policy, the Safavids were making many attempts to conclude an alliance with the European power against the Mamluks, for that reason the Mamluk Safavid relations became hostile, and never changed until the year 1514 when the Mamluks remained neutral during the Ottoman Safavid conflict.
As in the Mamluk-Safavid relations, the Mamluks tried to be friendly with the Ottomans, and the latter did the same during the whole reign of Sultan Bayazid II. But this attitude of friendliness soon changed after the succession to the throne of Sultan Selim who had in mind the project of extending the influence of the Ottoman Emprie over many countries in the Arab World. This led to the development of hostile relations with the Mamluks.

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