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Volume :2 Issue : 8 1982      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

The Effect of Advance Organizer on the Learning and Retention of Concepts and Information Related to the Palestinian Problem Among Students of the Secondary Schools

Auther : Farid Abu Zeineh - Afaf Haddad

Ausubel doesn’t agree with the widely accepted belief that discovery learning. To him, bothe expository and discovery techniques can produce either rote or meaningful learning depending on the conditions under which learning occurs.

Meaningful learning takes place if the learning task can be related in a non-arbitary, substantive manner to what the learner already knows, and if the learner adopts a corresponding learning set to do so.

To promote meaningful learning, Ausubel proposed the use of advance organizers as a pedagogic device. To him, and advance organizer in an introductory material written at a higher level of abstraction, generality and inclusiveness than the learning material itself. The advance organizer provides the learner with ideational anchorage for subsequent learning.

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of advance organizer on immediate and delayed retention of concepts and information (related to the Palestinian problem) among students at grade 12.

A comparative advance organizer dealing with two known movements (i.e Nazism, Fascism) was constructed for the purpose of the study the learning material was on Zionism.

The means of students performance in group I (receiving the advance organizer with discussion were more than the means of students in group (no advance organizer. It was also found that the means of students in group III (no advance organizer. It was also found that the means of students in group II were more than the means of students in group III.

The results were applicable for the 3 samples.

 

 

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