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Volume :2 Issue : 7 1982      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Event - Identity and Time (in Arabic)

Auther : Shafika Bastaki

This study is concerned with the relation between events and time as pertaining to the latter’s role in the determination of identity conditions for the former and its implications for the nature of events as particular entities determined with respect to a thing at a time. However, in view of the fact that events may be conceived as occurring in more than one situation, it is important to distinguish between and relate the universal and particular aspects of events. McTaggart’s paradox regarding time is taken as the point of departure for such a distinction in the course of this study which falls in three sections:

 

The first deals with identity conditions for events as determined in three contemporary philosophical theories: Particularist theory, property theory and Proposition theory, The section is concluded with the observation that time of event occurrence is necessary for the determination of event identity. The second presents a critical examination of McTaggart’s proof for the unreality of time in three major stages. The first is concerned with the argument that events can not begin to be and can not cease to be. The second consists of the argument that events cannot become other events. The Third stage concerns the argument for the contradiction of infinite regress involved in saying that events change with respect to their A-determination (past, Present,Future). This section concludes with the observation that McTaggart’s concept ot time event relation is a container-content; in the sense that time contains events but does not enter as an essential constituent of permanent events.

 

The third section deduces the logical consequences of the concept of events without time. It is maintained that such a concept entails that events are universal entities that do not occur here and now. We use leibnez principle of identity of indiscernables to show that the concept of a temporal events implies the denial of the common-sensical distinction between two events.

 

The third section deduces the logical consequences of the concept of events without time. It is maintained that such a concept entails that events are universal entities that do not occur here and now. We use leibnez principle of identity of indiscernible to show that the concept of temporal events implies the denial of the common-sensical distinction between two events.

 

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