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Volume :1 Issue : 2 1981      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Tennis: One of the Ruined Islamic Towns (in Arabic)

Auther : Attia Al-Qusi

The study of Islamic towns has provided Islamic history with important information which constitutes an essential part of our national heritage. Discovering new information about dead Islamic towns will fill a serious gap in our heritage. Tennis a town lying now beneath the waters of Al-Manzalah lake, south east of the Mediterranean, is the subject matter of this paper. We have followed up its history and found that it was one of the important Islamic towns and that it forms and essential part of our heritage.

We have got information on this town from the original historical, geographical and archeological sources. All these sources point to the important cultural and political role this tow played from the Islamic conquest of Egypt until it was destroyed in the ayyubid Period. Its prosperity reached a climax in the Fatimid period when its people specialised in the textile industry and their textile products established great reputation in the international markets of the world of the Middle Ages. This economic prosperity in the fourth and fifth hegra centuries

And commercial and academic instiutions increased and were prosperous. Famus scholars, judges, specialists in Hadith, and men of letters graduated from its schools, and their biographies still adorn books of literature and Islamic history.

The deterioration of Tennis began near the end of the fifth hegra century and the beginning of the sixth century. Fatimid Egypt war facing hardships. The products of Tennis textile industry diminished. The town itself was continuously exposed to attachs from the Crusaders who were then invading Egypt.

In 588 hegra, Sultan Salahuddin had to order the people to evacuate and leave their hometown. This was the military defense policy followed by the Ayyubid rulers in the face of the Crusaders attachs. Historical authorities indicate that The Sultan Al-Kamil, 624 hegra. But despite destruction and death, the great history of the city and its important cultural role will continue to reveal themselves from beneath the surface of water.

 
 

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