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Volume :1 Issue : 1 1981      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

In Defence Of Underlying Structure (in Arabic)

Auther : Daoud Abdo

 

 

The author emphasizes the need for positing an underlying structure that differs from the surface structure in formulating general liguistic rules. Deriving the past and present tenses of the passive verbs is taken as an example. The author demonstrates that it is possible to formulate a general rule to derive the passive verb from its active counterpart only if such a rule applies to the underlying structures of the active verbs, as Arab grammarians have recognized a long time ago. Otherwise, several rules are needed, some of which cannot be justified.

To derive the past tense passive verb, for example, the following general rule gives always the correct results (after applying certain general phonological rules) if applied to the underlying structures of past tense active verbs, change the last vowel in the stem of the verb to I and every preceding vowel to u. but this rule does not always give the correct results if applied to the sur face structure, nor is it possible to formulate any other general rule that gives the correct results if applied to the surface structures.

 

 
 

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