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Volume :1 Issue : 1 1981      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Geography and its Location in Science (in Arabic)

Auther : M. A. El-Farra

Geographers have been involved for a long time in discussing the relationship between geography and science. Some believe that geography belongs to Arts, While others insist that geography lies between physical and social sciences and links them. Anyhow, it is believed that the application of the scientific method which is either deductive is the only criteria by which we can judge whether geography is a science or not.

Since science aims at searching for and developing a theory to explain phenomena and predict their future trends, many geographers think that desription and uniqueness are the two problems in considering geography as a science. But how far do we believe in such a claim? Is description a part of scientific operation? Description is science if it is not an end in itself. Research in geography would begin with the description of geographic phenomena and after that it moves towards theory formation.

Some classical and traditional geographes used to believe in the uniqueness of the geographic phenomena and regions. Consequently they concentrated on differences rather than on similarities. It is impossible to build a theory if one believes in uniqueness which is opposite to generalisation which is the first step of theorizing. But geographers overcame such a problem when they began to focus on integration and on analysing the interrelations and interactions among various and different phenomena. For instance the moon the earth and an apple are three different things, but they all respond to gravity laws.

 

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