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Volume :1 Issue : 1 1981      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Common Features And Aspects Of History During The Mamluki – Mongolian - Turkish Age (in Arabic)

Auther : Shaker Mustafa

This paper studies some of the features of history in the Arab East during the above-mentioned age, between the fall of Baghdad Arab countries by the ottomans in 1517 AD

The Islamic historical thought of this period is distinguished by the following features:

  1. Accepting the idea of a common and united humanity.
  2. Belief in the universal Islamic spirit. The belief that the Islamic nation is the last and best of nations, and that the faithful are brethren.
  3. Encyclopedic thought. This encyclopedic thought was common in that age for various reasons, such as (1) the division of the Islamic world into two worlds: The Iranian in the east and the Arabic in the West, (2) the feeling of the |Muslims that their cultural heritage is threatened by devastation nance of the Mongols, (3) the governmental practical need for books of general information. Thus, many encyclopaedias came into being, such as the historical, the biographical and the geographical encyclopaedias as well encyclopaedias of anthologies and of language.
  4. Reasoning relied heavily on the religious ascription of all things to god. In the face of catastrophes and disasters historians were passive; they recoreded and registered events without giving reason. This was a result of the current political and social situation. It found expression in the abundance and multiplicity of biographies of saints and holy men.
  5. Detailed recording of the events of the age: there seems to have been an attempt at warning rulers or at establishing an early form of journalism. Daily events were recorded in detail. The history of few years filled many volumes. Sometimes many history books were written by many contemporary.
  6.   

    There are other features related to the methods and styles of historians in dealing with their material and their sources. These will be studied in other future papers.

 
 

 

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