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Volume :15 Issue : 2 2008      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Measurement of Relative Efficiency for Provincial Health Service in Saudi Arabia

Auther : Talal A. Al-Ahmadi

This research employs the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method to assess the relative efficiency of the Ministry of Health hospitals in various Saudi provinces. The number of beds, physicians, nurses, and supporting medical groups were used as inputs, while the number of out-patients, in-patients, laboratory tests, and radiology patients were used as outputs. It was found that the number of provinces (provincial hospitals) with maximum relative efficiency (100%) was 11 out of 20 (55%). These were the hospitals of Riyadh, Al-Madinah, Hafr Al-Baten, Aseer, Tabook, Hail, the Northern Borders, Jazan, Najran, Al-Qurayat, and Al-Qunfudhah. On the other hand, the inefficient provinces were 9 out of 20 (45%). These were respectively, from the most to the least inefficient, the hospitals of Al-Baha, Jeddah, the Eastern Province, Taif, Al-Hasa, Al-Qaseem, Beesha, Al-Jauf, and Makkah. The indicator of relative efficiency for the hospitals in Jeddah, for example, was 79.7%, which meant that, in order to be efficient, those hospitals should be capable of offering the current volume of services, or more, by using only 76.6%, or less, of the currently utilized inputs (resources). In other words, inputs (resources) could be reduced by 20.3% and could still achieve the current volume of outputs (services).

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