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Volume :27 Issue : 2 2020      Add To Cart                                                                    Download

Using Theory of Planned Behavior to Predict Entrepreneurial Motivations and Intentions of the Students of Egyptian Governmental Universities(in Arabic)

Auther : Amr A. Zidan

Purpose: This study aims to explore the impact of entrepreneurship education programs on motivational factors of TPB (attitudes towards entrepreneurship, subjective norms, perceived behavior control) and entrepreneurial intentions of the students of Egyptian governmental universities. University environment is also examined.
Study design/ methodology/ approach: Seven hypotheses have been formed to analyze data and test hypotheses. An exploratory approach, a confirmatory factor analysis, a paired samples t-Test, an independent t-Test, and a structural equation model (SEM) are employed.
Sample and data: A paired sample of 175 Egyptian students is selected from 3 Egyptian governmental universities, and a questionnaire is used for data collection.
Results: For entrepreneurial intentions, the model explains 37% and 53% of the variance, respectively. The attitudes towards entrepreneurship and perceived behavior control prove to be good predictors for the entrepreneurial intentions of the participants, but subjective norms, entrepreneurship programs, and university environment are found to be weak predictors.
Originality/ value: This is one of the first studies to apply Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in an Egyptian environment. To date, studies of entrepreneurial personality have been practice–driven rather than theory- driven. It is also one of the few studies that measure entrepreneurial motivations and intentions in a university environment.
Research limitations/ implications: This research is only limited to Egyptian governmental universities, and it only uses a nonprobability sample. The results raise interesting and controversial questions about entrepreneurship educators as to whether it should aim at changing the intentions of university students and whether university environment is suitable to direct the students towards entrepreneurial behaviors.

 

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