Journal of Law


Volume : 26 Issue : 1 2019

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Author :Omar Khalil
Discipline :Management

Faculty Research Intentions: The Influence of Attitudes, Social Norms, Habit and Research Barriers

Aim of the Paper: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of a number of individual and institutional factors on faculty members' research intentions.

Study Design: This study adopted the survey method in one specific academic environment, Kuwait University. It built and tested a Theory of Reasoned Action extended model to examine the influence of research barriers, habit, social norms, and attitudes on research intentions.
Sample and Data: A data set was collected from 261 faculty members working in six academic disciplines. A structural equation modeling technique was used to test the research hypotheses.
Results: Attitudes and social norms were the most influential predictors of research intentions followed by habit, engaging in research-impeding activities, lack of extrinsic motivators, and lack of research resources. Collectively, these antecedents explained 60% of the variances in faculty’s research intentions.
Conclusion: This study puts forward empirically based evidence that adds much needed nuance to the current discourse on research intention and productivity. It also informs policies and strategies that enhance research productivity in academia.

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Author :Adel A Al-Wugayan
Discipline :Marketing

Determinants and Consequences of Perceived Service Quality in the Kuwaiti Banking Context

Aim of the Paper: This study investigates the appropriateness of SERVQUAL and SERVPERF as two widely-used service quality (SQ) measures for retail bank services in Kuwait, as well as their predictive power for affective services responses (satisfaction and trust) and attitudinal/relational responses (word-of-mouth, recommendation, social media engagement, loyalty, and switching intentions).
Study Design: Using a survey methodology, data is analyzed using Confirmatory Factor Analysis followed by Covariance-based Structural Equation Modeling. 
Sample and Data: A random sample of (846) Kuwaiti bank customers is used. 
Results: Internal structure of both quality scales differ from their original conceptualizations. The three factor-SERVQUAL model is the best predictor of dependent variables.
Conclusion: SQ exerts direct effects on bank satisfaction and trust. Allocating resources to improve bank SQ can be based on the outcomes of the importance-weighted 3-factor SERVQUAL performance-minus-expectation rather than performance-only measures. Future research may examine these results using longitudinal data analysis.

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Author :Nesmah A. Heshmat
Discipline :Finance

Testing Over/ Under-reaction Hypothesis in the Egyptian Stock Market(in Arabic)

Aim of the Paper: This study aims to investigate the over /under reaction hypothesis in the Egyptian stock marke.
Study Design: The study uses the cumulative average abnormal return. Seventy-five portfolios are created. Regression analysis against a constant and Fama- French three factors model are employed. 
Sample and Data: The data from Egyptian stock market for the period from 2005 to 2017 provides the sample for this study.  
Results: The results show that the Egyptian market is subjected to an under reaction. This pattern is stable and does not change from year to year throughout the crisis. Fama and French three-factor model results reveal that systematic risk is not able to explain the difference in performance between the winner and the loser portfolios, but it confirms the importance of size and value factors.
Conclusion: This work can help investors to determine their trading strategies as buying past winners and selling past losers realize significant abnormal profits to the investors.

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Author :Abdullah A. Awalki
Discipline :Management

Mediating Entrepreneurship Strategies in the Relationship between Strategic Flexibility and the Level of Performance of Yemeni Commercial Banks(in Arabic)

Aim of the Paper: This study investigated the nature of the direct and indirect relationship between the application of strategic flexibility and the level of performance of Yemeni commercial banks in view of their adoption of Entrepreneurship strategies.
Study Design: The design of this study was based on the descriptive approach of human research, in order to describe the characteristics and variables related to the study problem.
Sample and Data: To collect the necessary initial data, a sample of 292 managers was selected from the commercial banks located in Sana'a. The number of valid surveys was 231 (79%).
Results: The findings revealed a significant positive impact for the application of strategic flexibility on the performance of Yemeni commercial banks and their entrepreneurship strategies. The results also showed that banks mediated the relationship between the application of strategic flexibility and the performance of Yemeni commercial banks.
Conclusion: The study recommended that the management of Yemeni commercial banks should increase the level of application of both strategic flexibility and leadership strategies because they have a pivotal role in improving their performance and enabling them to survive, grow and excel in the markets.

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Author :Allam M. Hamdan
Discipline :Finance

The Impact of Board Interlocking on Firm Performance(in Arabic)

Aim of the Paper: This study aims to investigate the effect of board interlocking on firm performance.
Study Design: Board interlocking is measured using two different indicators: number of interlocks and number of interlocks per member. As for firm performance, it is measured using return on assets, in addition to other control variables related to corporate governance, ownership structure, firm and board characteristics.
Sample and Data: Data of 131 firms was collected from various sectors in the Saudi financial market in the year 2016.
Results: The study indicates the presence of positive effect for board interlocking on firm performance.
Conclusion: Board interlocking adds expertise to the board; it is a continuous learning process for the board members and a vital channel for knowledge and experience. It is also a means of communication to assure financing sources, which adds value to the firm and positively affects the firm’s financial and operational performance.

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